Lesson Planning Components

Selected lesson planning components:

  1. Bloom’s Taxonomy

I am engaged in instructing management courses, including strategic management and supervisory skills. These courses require a higher level of critical thinking and understanding the interconnectedness of different concepts and approaches, and ultimately creating plans. However, most students in these courses have very limited professional experience and these courses often deal with materials that are mid and upper level management considerations. The revised Bloom’s taxonomy helps me explain the progression that students need to undertake in their learning to fulfill the course learning outcome requirements. The creative ability to plan is a requirement for a successful completion of the course. Additionally, this lesson planning strategy will help me build incremental progression in instructional design.

2.  Motivational Techniques

An important component of successful learning is making meaning out of the learning material and experience. This requires active student participation and engagement. This engagement is a result of proper motivation and desire to generate meaning through the learning experience. Instructors need to apply motivational strategies to evoke this desire. Motivation in students can be established by meeting the student’s intrinsic and extrinsic motivational expectations through use of goal setting, self-directed learning, enthusiasm, and humor. Some of the techniques used in increasing motivation and engagement includes explaining relevancy of the content, which can be done by bringing industry practitioners in as guest speakers and exposure to a real-life professional setting.

3. Assessment

Assessments are important learning tools. Not only do they provide a guiding matrix to instructors and employers, they also provide a component of self-assessment for the students. An effective use of assessment tools can bring learner motivation, participation, and performance to a higher level as it gives an indication of readiness and helps chart a plan for the student’s future progression. Assessment tools incorporating multiple sources and formats are most effective in providing an accurate picture. Self-assessment, pre-assessment, post-assessment, and peer assessment in varied performance criteria should be considered in building an assessment based strategy.

4. Instructional Process/Strategies

An effective learning experience is greatly facilitated by implementing a well thought out instructional process and instructional strategies. The plan should take into account cognitive, motivational, logistical, and other learning considerations. A structure of instructional process is important in building a student’s interaction with the lesson material. The VARK (visual, auditory, writing, and kinesthetic) styles of student interaction with the material greatly helps the effectiveness of teaching and learning. There are many instructional process designs and strategies, including ice-breakers, pre-assessments, bridging in, inclusionary practices, closure, and post assessments.

5. Planning

Different lesson plans have to unify with a grand plan. They have to be coherent, interlinked, sequential, and constantly improving qualitatively. Course details can only be developed if there is a unified plan with clear objectives, delineated units, and clearly defined learning outcomes developed in the form of a course outline and a curriculum. The various planning strategies include providing course objectives, developing units, and collaborating various course components. Collaboration and cooperation amongst the industry professional, educational expert, and regulatory bodies ensures quality planning.


Journal Entries -Trends and Roles

Research Topic: Online Education for Adults

  1. New Insights on the roles adult educators plays while delivering courses online:

Both in pedagogy and in andragogy, instructional or learning designs play a vital role in facilitating learning. In andragogy, students take a more active and central role in the learning process. However, educators still make a significant contribution in creating and corresponding effective and efficient instructional strategies, design, tools and techniques that facilitates adult learning. Building a learning conducive environment is one of primary tasks of adult educators. The need to create an appropriate learning environment is even higher for online teaching and learning set ups. Similar to face-to-face modes of educational delivery, successful online adult education distribution models require skilled, committed, dedicated, and creative adult educators.

Internationally, there is a significant movement towards delivering courses online and the primary student segment of these programs are adult learners. However, according to research done by Columbia University, online programs alone have lower success rates than face-to-face models of delivery due to issues such as learners feeling social distance and isolation, technical difficulties, and a lack of student support for online courses. In order to facilitate higher performance amongst students, adult educators take an expanded role to mitigate these impediments.

Depending on the learner’s learning state, adult educators are often required to take on a number of different roles in the course of delivering a lesson online. Some of these roles are new for adult educators and include being: An enthusiastic promoter of learning technologies, a technological tour guide, a constant online presence, a facilitator of the learner’s performance using a variety of technologies, a reflection of the learner’s desire to learn, a manager of the student’s education, and an information control system as to not inundate learners with content.

2.    Trends in online adult education:

The main trends in online education include MOOCs, cloud-based learning platforms, interconnected mobile applications, automated assessments, and the gamification of education. Advancement in computer technologies, internet connectivity, storage capacity, and multi-device interactions has led to course platforms moving into cloud storage software such as Google Drive. This has also led to improved course design software and the automation of courses, along their concomitant assessment mediums.

Massive open online courses show a promising future as they substantially reduce the cost of curriculum development for many developing countries and educational institutions, giving students from underdeveloped and developing countries access to quality educational programs and materials. Many of the trends in online education are driven by lowering delivery costs and increasing user-friendliness. Online delivery of courses has improved, but challenges remain and opportunities exist for further improvement.

3.    Reflection related to blog interactions:

Due to time management and personal discipline challenges, I ended up creating this blog, researching the topics, and presenting the information on my own. This had some limiting effects, such as an increased time investment in sorting out technical issues related to the blog, and structuring the information presentation. Interactions with a partner was not possible, thus social cognitism was limited. However, I researched a number of PID and other student blogs and learned a great deal. Doing this blog was a great kinesthetic learning experience and by exploring other student blogs, I was able to learn that a certain amount of personal uniqueness is required in for the blogger to feel connected to the material.  Creating, writing, and maintaining this blog has been a great learning experience as a mature learner, due to its novelty.

Useful Resources

Here are some interesting articles and websites on roles and trends in online adult education, and on lesson planning.


Journal Website: Journal of Online Learning and Teaching

Web Article: Eight Roles of an Effective Online Teacher


Website: 10 Online Learning Trends to Watch in 2015

Web Article: How to Make MOOCs Fully Effective

Resources on lesson planning components:

Bloom’s Taxonomy

1) Big Dog and Little Dog’s Performance Juxtaposition

Motivational Techniques

1) Motivating Adult Learners


1) Student Assessment in Adult Basic Education: A Canadian Snapshot

Instructional Process/Strategies

1) The Universal Design for Learning Implementation and Research Network


1) The National Academy for Academic Learning

About me and my blog

Welcome to my blog on adults learning online.

I am a Provincial Instructor Diploma Program (PIDP) student at the Vancouver Community College in Vancouver, BC. I am taking this program online. Many of the topics and theories are new to me as I do not come from an academic background. I find the program contents quite interesting and look forward to learning about the subjects. My adult learning journey continues here – on this website – with you as my fellow sojourners.

Here we will explore issues, concepts, theories, trends and practices in adult education. Please check out my partners blog (webpage URL provided on the Interesting Links page) for another take on the subject topics. I am looking forward to your comments and suggestions.

Thank you for joining me on this journey.